Books and edited volumes:
Raymo, C. and M. E. Raymo, 1989, Written In Stone – a Geological History of the Northeastern United States. The Globe Pequot Press, Chester, CT, 163 pp (a geology book for non-specialists). Third edition published in 2007 by Black Dome Press.
Jansen, E., M.E. Raymo, and P. Blum, editors, 1996, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Initial Reports, Vol. 162: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 1182 pp.
Raymo, M. E., E. Jansen, P. Blum, and T. Herbert, editors, 1999, Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, Vol. 162: College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program).
Li, S., G. Li, Y. Chen, W. Li, M.E. Raymo, and J. Chen, submitted, Seasonal variations in elemental and Sr-Mg isotopic composition of the Changjiang River water: implications for a delayed export of weathering products and coupling of erosion and silicate weathering. EPSL.
Roychowdhury, R., R. DeConto and M.E. Raymo, in review, Eccentricity modulation of obliquity-paced cyclicity in Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Nature Communications.
Ford, H. and M. E. Raymo, in review, Regional and global signals in δ18O records across the Mid-Pleistocene Transition, Geology.
Campbell, S. M., R. Moucha, L. A. Derry, and M.E. Raymo, in press, Dynamic topography and the Cenozoic carbonate compensation depth, G-cubed.
Rovere, A., E. Casella, D. Harris, T. Lorscheid, N. Nanadasena, B. Dyer, M. Sandstrom, P. Stocchi, W. D’Andrea, and M. Raymo, 2017, North Atlantic “superstorms” during the last Interglacial? Modeling paleo waves and the transport of giant boulders. PNAS, v. 114, 12144-12149.
Raymo, M.E., R. Kozdon, D. Evans, L. Lisiecki, and H. Ford, 2017, The accuracy of mid-Pliocene δ18O based ice volume and sea level reconstructions, Earth Science Reviews, v. 177, p. 291-302.
Eshel, G., A. Shepon, S. Gilutz, D. Giddings, M. Raymo, and R. Milo, 2017, How much sustainable beef can the U.S. produce? Nature Ecology and Evolution, v. 2, p. 81-85. (People ask me how I got involved with this topic. This paper arose from a directed study I lead with MA students in the School of International and Public Affairs at Columbia University).
Toomey, M. R., A. Ashton, M. E. Raymo, and J. T. Perron, 2016, Reply to: Terry, J. and Goff, J. comment on “Late Cenozoic sea level and the rise of modern rimmed atolls” by Toomey et al. (2016), Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 4 51: 73-83, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.11.028.
Shakun, J. D., M. E. Raymo, and D. W. Lea, 2016, An early Pleistocene Mg/Ca-δ18O record from the Gulf of Mexico: Evaluating ice sheet size and pacing in the 41-kyr world, Paleoceanography, v. 31, p. 1011-1027,
Ford, H., S. Sosdian, Y. Rosenthal, and M. E. Raymo, 2016, Gradual and abrupt changes during the Mid-Pleistocene Transition., Quaternary Science Revs., v. 148, p. 222-233; doi:10.1016/j.quascirev.2016.07.005
Rovere A., M E. Raymo, M. Vacchi, T. Lorscheid, P. Stocchi, L. Gómez-Pujol, D. L. Harris, Elisa Casella, M. J. O’Leary, P. J. Hearty, 2016, The analysis of Last Interglacial (MIS5e) relative sea-level indicators: Reconstructing sea-level in a warmer world, Earth Science Revs., v. 159, p. 404-427.
Toomey, M. R., A. Ashton, M. E. Raymo, and J. T. Perron, 2016, Cenozoic sea level and the rise of modern rimmed atolls, Palaeo. Palaeo. Palaeo., v. 451, p. 73-83, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.palaeo.2016.03.018
Evans, D., C. Brierly, M.E. Raymo, J. Erez, W. Muller, 2016, Planktic foraminifera shell chemistry response to seawater chemistry: Pliocene-Pleistocene seawater Mg/Ca, temperature, and sea level change, EPSL, v. 438, p. 139-148, doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.01.013.
Austermann, J., D. Pollard, J. X. Mitrovica, R. Moucha, A. M. Forte, R. M. DeConto, D. B. Rowley, and M.E. Raymo, 2015, The impact of dynamic topography change on Antarctic Ice Sheet stability during the Mid-Pliocene Warm Period, Geology, v. 43; no. 10; p. 927–930, doi:10.1130/G36988.1.
Bell, D. B., S. Jung, D. Kroon, D. Hodell, L. Lourens, and M.E. Raymo, 2015, Atlantic deep-water response to the early Pliocene shoaling of the Central American Seaway, Scientific Reports, 5:12252, DOI:10.1038/srep12252.
Dutton, A., A. E. Carlson, A. J. Long, G. A. Milne, P.U. Clark, R. DeConto, B. Horton, S. Rahmstorf, and M.E. Raymo, 2015, Magnitude, rates and sources of sea-level rise associated with polar ice-sheet retreat during past warm periods, Science, v. 349, aaa4019, DOI: 10.1126/science.aaa4019
Shakun, J., D. W. Lea, L. E. Lisiecki, M. E. Raymo, 2015, An 800-kyr Record of Global Surface Ocean δ18O and Implications for Ice Volume-Temperature Coupling, EPSL, v. 426, 58-68, http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2015.05.042
Kemp, A.C., A. Dutton, and M. E. Raymo, 2015, Paleo constraints on future sea-level rise, Current Climate Change Reports, v. 1, pp 205-215, DOI 10.1007/s40641-015-0014-6.
Rovere A., P.J. Hearty, J. Austermann, J.X. Mitrovica, J. Gale, R. Moucha, A. Forte, M.E. Raymo, 2015, Mid-Pliocene shorelines of the US Atlantic coastal plain – an improved elevation database with comparison to Earth model predictions, Earth Science Revs., 145, 117-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.earscirev.2015.02.007
Patterson, M.O., R. McKay, T. Naish, C. Escutia, F. Jiminez-Espejo, Raymo, M.E., S. Meyers, L. Tauxe, H. Brinkhuis, and IODP Expedition 318 Scientists, 2014, Response of the East Antarctic Ice Sheet to orbital forcing during the Pliocene and Early Pleistocene, Nature Geoscience, 7, 841-847, doi:10.1038/ngeo2273.
Rovere, A., M.E. Raymo, J.X. Mitrovica, P.J. Hearty, M.J. O’Leary, and J.D. Inglis, 2014, The Mid-Pliocene sea-level conundrum: glacial isostasy, eustasy and dynamic topography, EPSL, v. 387, p. 27-33.
O’Leary, M., P. Hearty, W. Thompson, M. E. Raymo, J. Mitrovica, and J. Webster, 2013, Ice sheet collapse following a period of stable eustatic sea level during MIS5e, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/ngeo1890.
Bailey, I., G. Hole, G. Foster, P. Wilson, C. Storey, C. Trueman, and M. E. Raymo, 2013, An alternative suggestion for the Pliocene onset of major northern hemisphere glaciation based on the geochemical provenance of North Atlantic Ocean ice-rafted debris. Quat. Sci. Rev., v. 75, p. 181-194.
Lawrence, K. T., I. Bailey, and M. E. Raymo, 2013, Re-evaluation of the age model for North Atlantic Ocean Site 982 – arguments for a return to the original chronology, Climates of the Past, v. 9, p. 2217-2233.
Abe-Ouchi, A., F. Saito, K. Kawamura, M. E. Raymo, J. Okuno, K. Takahashi, and H. Blatter, 2013, 100-kyr glacial cycles from ice sheet-climate system with hysteresis driven by insolation, Nature, v. 500, p. 190-193.
Rovere, A., M. E. Raymo, M. O’Leary, P. Hearty, 2012, Crowdsourcing in the Quaternary sea level community: insights from the Pliocene, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 56, p. 164-166.
Raymo, M. E., and J. X. Mitrovica, 2012, Collapse of polar ice sheets during the stage 11 interglacial, Nature, doi:10.1038/nature10891. Supplemental Material
Raymo, M. E., J. X. Mitrovica, M. J. O’Leary, R. M. DeConto, and P. J. Hearty, 2011, Departures from eustasy in Pliocene sea-level records, Nature Geoscience, doi:10.1038/NGEO1118. Supplemental Material
Lisiecki, L. and M. E. Raymo, 2009, Diachronous benthic d18O responses during late Pleistocene terminations, Paleoceanography, v. 24, PA3210, doi:10.1029/2009PA001732.
Raymo, M.E., P. Hearty, R. De Conto, M. O’Leary, H.J. Dowsett, M. Robinson, and J.X. Mitrovica, 2009, PLIOMAX: Pliocene maximum sea level project, PAGES News, v. 17, p. 58-59.
Lawrence, K. T., T. D. Herbert, C. M. Brown, M. E. Raymo, and A. M. Haywood, 2009, High amplitude variations in North Atlantic sea surface temperature during the early Pliocene warm period, Paleoceanography, v. 24, PA2218, doi:10.1029/2008PA001669.
Hansen, J., M. Sato, P. Kharecha, D. Beerling, R. Berner, V. Masson-Delmotte, M. Pagani, M. Raymo, D. L. Royer, and J. C. Zachos, 2008, Target atmospheric CO2: where should humanity aim? Open Atmospheric Science Journal, v. 2, p. 217-231, doi: 10.2174/1874282300802010217.
Lisiecki, L., M. E. Raymo, and W. B. Curry, 2008, Atlantic overturning responses to climate forcing in the late Pleistocene, Nature, v. 456. p. 85-88, doi:10.1038/nature07425. (see accompanying News and Views on page 47)
Raymo, M. E. and P. Huybers, 2008, Unlocking the mysteries of the Ice Ages, Nature, v. 451, p. 284-285.
Kawamura, K., F. Parrenin, L. Lisiecki, R. Uemura, F. Vimeux, J. P. Severinghaus, M. A. Hutterli, T. Nakazawa, S. Aoki, J. Jouzel, M. E. Raymo, K. Matsumoto, H. Nakata, H. Motoyama, S. Fujita, K. Goto-Azuma, Y. Fujii, and O. Watanabe, 2007, Northern Hemisphere forcing of climatic cycles in Antarctica over the past 360,000 years, Nature, v. 448, p. 912-917, doi:10.1038/nature06015.
Lisiecki, L., and M. E. Raymo, 2007, Plio-Pleistocene climate evolution: trends in obliquity and precession responses, Quat. Sci. Revs, v. 26, p. 56-69.
Raymo, M. E., L. Lisiecki, and K. Nisancioglu, 2006, Plio-Pleistocene ice volume, Antarctic climate, and the global δ18O record, Science, v. 313, p. 492, doi: 10.1126/science.1123296. Link to Supporting Online Material Download Data Set (accompanying Perspectives on page 455)
Tziperman, E., M. E. Raymo, P. Huybers, and C. Wunsch, 2006, Consequences of pacing the Pleistocene 100 kyr ice ages by nonlinear phase locking to Milankovitch forcing, Paleoceanography, v. 21, PA4206, doi:10.1029/2005PA001241.
Becker, J., L.J. Lourens and M.E. Raymo, 2006, High-frequency climate linkages between the North Atlantic and the Mediterranean during marine oxygen isotope stage 100 (MIS100), Paleoceanography, v. 21, PA3002, doi:10.1029/2005PA001168.
Mudelsee, M., and M.E. Raymo, 2005, Slow dynamics of the Northern Hemisphere Glaciation, Paleoceanography, 20, PA4022, doi:10.1029/2005PA001153.
Lisiecki, L.E. and M.E. Raymo, 2005, A Plio-Pleistocene stack of 57 globally distributed benthic d180 records, Paleoceanography, 20, PA1003, doi:10.1029/2004PA001071. DATA
Raymo, M.E., D.W. Oppo, B.P. Flower, D.A. Hodell, J. McManus, K.A. Venz, K.F. Kleiven, and K. McIntyre, 2004, Stability of North Atlantic water masses in face of pronounced climate variability during the Pleistocene, Paleoceanography, v. 19, PA2008, doi:10.1029/2003PA000921.
Ruddiman, W.F., and M.E. Raymo, 2003, A methane-based time scale for Vostok ice, Quaternary Science Reviews, v. 22, p. 141-155.
Nisancioglu, K. H., M. E. Raymo, and P. H. Stone, 2003, Reorganization of Miocene Deep Water Circulation in response to the shoaling of the Central American Seaway, Paleoceanography, v. 18, 10.1029/2002PA000767.
Raymo, M.E. and K.H. Nisancioglu, 2003, The 41 Kyr world: Milankovitch’s other unsolved mystery, Paleoceanography, v. 18, 10.1029/2002PA000791.
Channell, J.E.T., J. Labs, and M.E. Raymo, 2003, The Reunion subchronozone at ODP Site 981 (Feni Drift, North Atlantic), Earth Planetary Science Letters, v. 215, p. 1-12.
Draut, A., M.E. Raymo, J. McManus, and D.W. Oppo, 2003, Climate stability during the Pliocene warm period, Paleoceanography, v. 18, No. 4, 1078, DOI 10.1029/2003PA000889.
Channell, J.E.T. and M.E. Raymo, 2003, Paleomagnetic record at ODP Site 980 (Feni Drift, Rockall) for last 1.2 Myrs, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, v. 4, DOI 10.1029/2002GC000440.
Channell, J.E.T., A. Mazaud, P. Sullivan, S. Turner, and M. E. Raymo, 2002, Geomagnetic excursions and paleointensities in the Matuyama Chron at ODP Sites 983 and 984 (Iceland Basin), J. of Geophysical Research, v. 107, 10.1029/2001JB000491.
Hodell, D., J. Curtis, F. Sierro, and M. E. Raymo, 2001, Correlation of Late Miocene-to-early Pliocene sequences between the Mediterranean and North Atlantic. Paleoceanography, v. 16, p. 164-178.
Huber, R., Meggers, H., Baumann, K.-H. , M. E. Raymo, and R. Heinrich, 2000, Shell size variation of the planktonic foraminifer Neogloboquadrina pachyderma sin. in the Norwegian-Greenland Sea during the last 1.3 Myrs: Implications for paleoceanographic reconstructions. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v. 160, p. 193-212.
Carter, S. and M. E. Raymo, 1999, Sedimentological and mineralogical control of multi-sensor track data at sites on the Feni and Bjorn Drifts, ODP Leg 162. Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Prog., v. 162, p. 247-257.
Hyun, S., J. Ortiz, M. E. Raymo, and A. Taira, 1999, Low-frequency oscillations in Site 983 sediments: relationships between carbonate and productivity proxies. Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Prog., v. 162, p. 197-207.
Ridgwell, A.J., A.J. Watson, and M. E. Raymo, 1999, Is the spectral signature of the 100 kyr glacial cycle consistent with a Milankovitch origin? Paleoceanography, v. 14, p. 437-440.
Raymo, M.E., 1999, New insights into Earth’s history: An introduction to Leg 162 postcruise research in the outside literature. Scientific Results of the Ocean Drilling Prog., v. 162, p 273-275.
Raymo, M. E., 1998, Glacial Puzzles, Science, v. 281, p. 1467-1468.
Raymo, M.E., K. Ganley, S. Carter, D. W. Oppo, J. McManus, 1998, Millennial-scale climate instability during the early Pleistocene epoch. Nature, v. 392, p. 699-702.
Baker, R. G., L. A. Gonzalez, M.E. Raymo, E. A. Bettis, M.K. Reagan, and J. A. Dorale, 1998, Comparison of multiple proxy records of Holocene environments in the midwestern USA. Geology, v. 26, p. 1131-1134.
Cronin, T.M. and M.E. Raymo, 1997, Orbital forcing of deep-sea benthic species diversity. Nature, v. 385, p. 624-627, (accompanying News and Views on page 577).
Raymo, M.E., 1997, Carbon cycle models: how strong are the constraints? In: Global Tectonics and Climate Change (eds. W.F. Ruddiman and W. Prell), Plenum Press, p. 368-382.
Ruddiman, W.F., M.E. Raymo, W. Prell, and J.E. Kutzbach, 1997, The uplift-climate connection: a synthesis. In: Global Tectonics and Climate Change (eds. W.F. Ruddiman and W. Prell), Plenum Press, p. 471-515.
Raymo, M.E., D.W. Oppo, and W. Curry, 1997, The mid-Pleistocene climate transition: a deep sea carbon isotope perspective. Paleoceanography, v. 12, p. 546-559.
Raymo, M.E., 1997, The timing of major climate terminations. Paleoceanography, v. 12, p. 577-585.
Raymo, M.E., B. Grant, M. Horowitz, and G. H. Rau, 1996, Mid Pliocene warmth: stronger greenhouse and stronger conveyor. Marine Micropaleontology, v. 27, p. 313-326.
Raymo, M.E. and M. Horowitz, 1996, Organic carbon paleo-pCO2 and marine-ice core correlations and chronology. Geophys. Res. Letts., v. 23, p. 367-370.
Cronin, T.M., M.E. Raymo, and K.P. Kyle, 1996, Late Pliocene (3.2-2.4 Ma) Ostracode faunal cycles and deep ocean circulation at North Atlantic DSDP Sites 607 and 610. Geology, v. 24, p. 695-698.
Jansen, E. and M.E. Raymo, 1996, Leg 162: New frontiers on past climates. Proc. Ocean Drill. Prog., Init. Repts., v. 162, p. 5-20.
Raymo, M., E. Jansen, and ODP Leg 162 Scientific Party, 1996, Frontiers of climate research extended by ocean drilling. EOS, Trans. Amer. Geophys. Un., v. 77(8), p. 75, 79; reprinted in Earth in Space.
Oppo, D. W., M. E. Raymo, G. P. Lohmann, A. C. Mix, J. D. Wright, and W. B. Prell, 1995, A δ13C record of Upper North Atlantic Deep Water During the Past 2.6 myrs. Paleoceanography, v. 10, p. 373-394.
Jansen, E., M.E. Raymo, and P. Blum, 1995, North Atlantic-Arctic Gateways II. JOIDES Journal, v. 21(2), p. 37-43.
Dwyer, G. S., T. Cronin, P. Baker, M.E. Raymo, H. Dowsett, and T. Correge, 1995, North Atlantic deep water temperature evolution during late Pliocene and late Quaternary climatic cycles. Science, v. 270, p. 1347-1351.
Berggren, W., F. Hilgen, C. Langereis, D. Kent, J. Obradovich, I. Raffi, M.E. Raymo and N.J. Shackleton, 1995, Late Neogene chronology: New perspectives in high resolution stratigraphy. Geol. Soc. Amer. Bull., v. 107, p. 1272-1287.
Raymo, M.E., 1994, The initiation of Northern Hemisphere glaciation. Annual Reviews of Earth and Planetary Science, v. 22, p. 353-383.
Raymo, M.E., 1994, The Himalayas, organic carbon burial, and climate in the Miocene. Paleoceanography, v. 9, p. 399-404.
Raymo, M.E. and W.F. Ruddiman, 1993, Cooling in the late Cenozoic-Scientific Correspondence. Nature, v. 361, p. 123-124.
Imbrie, J., A. Berger, E.A. Boyle, S.C. Clemens, A. Duffy, W.R. Howard, G. Kukla, J. Kutzbach, D.G. Martinson, A. McIntyre, A.C. Mix, B. Molfino, J.J. Morley, L.C. Peterson, N.G. Pisias, W.L. Prell, M.E. Raymo, N.J. Shackleton, and J.R. Toggweiler, 1993, On the Structure and Origin of major glaciation cycles. 2. The 100,000-year cycle. Paleoceanography, v. 8, p. 699-736.
Raymo, M.E., 1992, Global climate change: a three million year perspective. In: Kukla, G. and Went, E. (eds.), Start of a Glacial, Proceedings of the Mallorca NATO ARW, NATO ASI Series I, Vol. 3, Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, p. 207-223.
Raymo, M.E. and W.F. Ruddiman, 1992, Tectonic forcing of late Cenozoic climate. Nature, v. 359, p. 117-122.
Raymo, M.E., D. Hodell, and E. Jansen, 1992, Response of deep ocean circulation to the initiation of northern hemisphere glaciation (3-2 M.Y.). Paleoceanography, v. 7, p. 645-672.
Raymo, M. E., 1992, Late Cenozoic Evolution of Global Climate, In: Pacific Neogene (ed. R. Tsuchi and J.C. Ingle), Univ. of Tokyo Press, p. 107-116.
Imbrie, J., E.A. Boyle, S.C. Clemens, A. Duffy, W.R. Howard, G. Kukla, J. Kutzbach, D.G. Martinson, A. McIntyre, A.C. Mix, B. Molfino, J.J. Morley, L.C. Peterson, N.G. Pisias, W.L. Prell, M.E. Raymo, N.J. Shackleton, and J.R. Toggweiler, 1992, On the structure and origin of major glaciation cycles. 1. Linear responses to Milankovitch forcing. Paleoceanography, v. 7, p. 701-738.
Raymo, M.E., 1991, Geochemical evidence supporting T.C. Chamberlin’s theory of glaciation. Geology, v. 19, p. 344-347.
Raymo, M.E., W.F. Ruddiman, N.J. Shackleton, and D. Oppo, 1990, Evolution of Atlantic-Pacific d13C gradients over the last 2.5 m.y., Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 97, p. 353-368.
Raymo, M.E., D. Rind, and W.F. Ruddiman, 1990, Climatic effects of reduced Arctic sea ice limits in the GISS-II GCM. Paleoceanography, v. 5, p. 367-382.
Ruddiman, W.F., M.E. Raymo, D.G. Martinson, B.M. Clement, and J. Backman, 1989, Mid-Pleistocene evolution of Northern Hemisphere climate. Paleoceanography, v. 4, p. 353-412.
Weaver, P.P.E. and M.E. Raymo, 1989, Late Miocene to Holocene planktonic foraminifers from the equatorial Atlantic, Leg 108. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program (Part B), v. 108, p. 71-92.
Weaver, P.P.E., J. Backman, J.G. Baldauf, J. Bloemendal, H. Manivit, E.M. Pokras, M.E. Raymo, L. Tauxe, J-P. Valet, A. Cheptow-Lusty, and G. Olafsson, 1989, Biostratigraphic synthesis, Leg 108, eastern equatorial Atlantic. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, (Part B), v. 108, p. 455-462.
Ruddiman, W.F. et al., 1989, Late Miocene to Pleistocene evolution of climate in Africa and the low-latitude Atlantic: Overview of Leg 108 results. Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, (Part B), v. 108, 463-484.
Ruddiman, W.F., W.L. Prell, and M.E. Raymo, 1989, History of late Cenozoic uplift on Southeast Asia and the American Southwest: rationale for general circulation modeling experiments. Journal of Geophysical Research, v. 94, p. 18379-18391.
Raymo, M.E., W.F. Ruddiman, J. Backman, B.M. Clement, and D.G. Martinson, 1989, Late Pliocene variation in Northern Hemisphere ice sheets and North Atlantic deep circulation, Paleoceanography, v. 4, p. 413-446.
Raymo, M.E., W.F. Ruddiman, and P.N. Froelich, 1988, Influence of late Cenozoic mountain building on ocean geochemical cycles. Geology, v. 16, p. 649-653.
Ruddiman, W.F. and M.E. Raymo, 1988, Northern hemisphere climate regimes during the past 3 Ma: possible tectonic connections. In: The Past Three Million Years: Evolution of Climatic Variability in the North Atlantic Region, edited by N.J. Shackleton, R.G. West, and D.Q. Bowen, pp. 227-234, University Press, Cambridge.
Raymo, M.E., W.F. Ruddiman, and B.M. Clement, 1986, Pliocene/Pleistocene paleoceanography of the North Atlantic at DSDP Site 609. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, v.94, p. 895-901.
Ruddiman, W.F., A. McIntyre, and M. Raymo, 1986, Paleoenvironmental results from North Atlantic Sites 607 and 609. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, v. 94, p. 855-878.
Ruddiman, W.F., J. Backman, J. Baldauf, P. Hooper, L. Keigwin, K. Miller, M. Raymo, and E. Thomas, 1986, Leg 94 paleoenvironmental synthesis. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project, v. 94, p. 1207-1215.
Ruddiman, W.F., M. Raymo, and A. McIntyre, 1986, Matuyama 41,000-year cycles: North Atlantic Ocean and northern hemisphere ice sheets. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, v. 80, p. 117-129.